Approaches Used in Pest Control.
Pest is a worldwide problem affecting human race. Crops undergrowth plantation and crops are destroyed by insects referred to as pests. Controlling of pests that disrupt health of human beings, destroy farm produce and vegetation is called pest control. Some of the pests that disrupt human health are mice, lice and, mosquitoes. Progressions in technology and science specialists have established several methods to get rid of the pests. Controlling pests have existed ever since agriculture began. Controlling of herbivores that compete with humans and types of weeds that compete with crops is necessary hence using pest control method. Pest management comprises of a number of steps to control pests. Steps followed are, identification of the type of pest it is, a decision is made about the method to use, and the method is executed to control pests.
The use of parasites and predators in water resources, in agriculture farms, structures to control pests safely for instance use of cat to chase and eat rats and mice then this method is known as biological method. Sealing of pet structures and inducing a concentrated gas like carbon dioxide to destroy the pests inhabiting the structures when pets have been moved to a different facility it is known as fumigation. Suffocation by heat and soil steaming leads to destruction of pests. Repellents are non-toxic oils obtained from trees, for instance, rat repellent such as Balsam fir oil obtained from the tree for pest control. If some unique plants are planted to repel type of pests in a farm containing particular crops, for example, planting onion in a vegetable land then the method is also a biological method.
Whenever there is the usage of insecticides, pesticides, and herbicides to control pests that is a chemical method of pest control. When animals are secluded from their structures then their structures get sprayed with insecticides the method is well known as space treatment. When rats are trapped and poisoned by a bait it is called poisoned bait. Spray method involves in using poisonous sprays through handheld sprayers to spray pests or places that are contact with pests for example mosquitoes, weevils and other crop pests. Spraying cattle to destroy ticks is an example of pesticides sprayed.
Use of chemical is prohibited in traditional method of pest control. Burning Fields is a traditional method used to extinguish insects and its eggs in the farms after harvesting. Traps are used largely to trap rats and mice this is also a traditional method. Traps are designed differently to serve different purposes. When you come across an infected crop or infested by pests, uprooting and burning of the crop to destroy pests is a way of controlling pests.
Pest control is an essential factor for health of human beings, pets and crops.